Relationship Between Foreign Policy And National Interest Pdf

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National Interest: Meaning, Components and Methods

Prior to reformations that swept 16th century Europe, national interest was often understood as secondary to that of religion. To engage in a war, rulers would need to justify the action in such context. The practice is considered to have been employed by France under the direction of its Chief Minister Cardinal Richelieu in the Thirty Years' War when it intervened on the Protestant side, despite its own Catholicism , in order to block the increasing power of the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor. The notion of the national interest soon came to dominate European politics , which became fiercely competitive over the next centuries. It would become a form of reason "born of the calculation and the ruse of men," recognizing the state as "a knowing machine, a work of reason;" the state ceases to be derived from the divine order and is henceforth subject to its own particular necessities. Likewise, mercantilism can be seen as the economic justification of the aggressive pursuit of the national interest.

Diplomacy , the established method of influencing the decisions and behaviour of foreign governments and peoples through dialogue , negotiation , and other measures short of war or violence. Modern diplomatic practices are a product of the post- Renaissance European state system. Historically, diplomacy meant the conduct of official usually bilateral relations between sovereign states. By the 20th century, however, the diplomatic practices pioneered in Europe had been adopted throughout the world, and diplomacy had expanded to cover summit meetings and other international conferences, parliamentary diplomacy, the international activities of supranational and subnational entities, unofficial diplomacy by nongovernmental elements, and the work of international civil servants. Later it applied to all solemn documents issued by chancelleries, especially those containing agreements between sovereigns. Diplomacy later became identified with international relations , and the direct tie to documents lapsed except in diplomatics , which is the science of authenticating old official documents. This article discusses the nature of diplomacy, its history, and the ways in which modern diplomacy is conducted, including the selection and training of diplomats and the organization of diplomatic bodies.

Foreign Policy and National Interest

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All the nations are always engaged in the process of fulfilling or securing the goals of their national interests. The foreign policy of each nation is formulated on the basis of its national interest and it is always at work for securing its goals. It is a universally accepted right of each state to secure its national interests. A state always tries to justify its actions on the basis of its national interest. The behaviour of a state is always conditioned and governed by its national interests. Hence it is essential for us to know the meaning and content of National Interest.


From the perspective of liberalism and global humanism, foreign policy is not only reflecting national interest, but also dealing with human and global interest. It means that if it comes to human and global interests, then countries choose to cooperate globally rather than to involve in conflict or war.


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The approaches are strategically employed to interact with other countries. In recent times, due to the deepening level of globalization and transnational activities, states also have to interact with non-state actors. The aforementioned interaction is evaluated and monitored in an attempt to maximize benefits of multilateral international cooperation. Since the national interests are paramount, foreign policies are designed by the government through high-level decision making processes.

The realm of the foreign is an ideological concept, a product of international dynamics and domestic attributes. For one to suggest otherwise is primitive; there is no denying that international socialization has re-shaped foreign relations, and similarly, the permeation of national politics on the international stage cannot be discredited. Since both factors play a pivotal role in external policy formulation, the domestic and the foreign are easily distinguishable conceptions. The influence of the domestic forms the basis of foreign strategy, overshadowing but not discounting remaining elements.

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Power and Wealth pp Cite as. This book is concerned with foreign policy, that is to say, with the use of different resources by states for achieving various kinds of gain in their relations with other states. Attention will be paid both to noneconomic foreign policy which primarily involves action designed to relate national purposes to the foreign political and military environment, and economic foreign policy which, in the main, serves the same function regarding the international economic environment. Analytically speaking, governments employ political and military means toward achieving economic as well as political and military ends; and they use economic means toward serving political and military as well as economic ends.

Diplomacy has existed since the beginning of the human race. The act of conducting negotiations between two persons, or two nations at a large scope is essential to the upkeep of international affairs. Among the many functions of diplomacy, some include preventing war and violence, and fortifying relations between two nations. Diplomacy is most importantly used to complete a specific agenda. It is for diplomacy that certain countries can exist in harmony.


Knudsen, O. National Interests and Foreign Policy: On the National Pursuit of Material Interests. Cooperation cerned with the relationship between the mat-.


Foreign Policy and National Interest

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 Втроем, - поправила Сьюзан.  - Коммандер Стратмор у. Советую исчезнуть, пока он тебя не засек. Хейл пожал плечами: - Зато он не имеет ничего против твоего присутствия. Тебе он всегда рад.

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