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- REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS - 59CLC's Blog
- REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS - 59CLC's Blog
- Rudin Real and Complex Analysis
REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS - 59CLC's Blog
Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. N e w York. Toronto Dusseldorf Mexico. Johannesburg Panama. Copyright by McGraw-Hill Inc. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photo-copying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher. The course was developed for two reasons. The first was a belief that one could present the basic techniques and theorems of analysis in one year, with enough applications to make the subject interesting, in such a way that students could then specialize in any direction they choose.
The second and perhaps even more important one was the desire to do away with the outmoded and misleading idea that analysis consists of two distinct halves, "real variables" and "complex variables. That these two areas interact most intimately has of course been well known for at least 60 years and is evi- dent to anyone who is acquainted with current research. Nevertheless, the standard curriculum in most American universities still contains a year course in complex variables, followed by a year course in real varia- bles, and usually neither of these courses acknowledges the existence of the subject matter of the other.
I have made an effort to demonstrate the interplay among the various parts of analysis, including some of the basic ideas from functional analysis. Here are a few examples. The Riesz representation theorem and the Hahn-Banach theorem allow one to "guess" the Poisson integral formula. They team up in the proof of Runge's theorem, from which the homol6gy version of Cauchy's theorem follows easily. They com- bine with Blaschke's theorem on the zeros of bounded holomorphic func- tions to give a proof of the Miintz-Szasz theorem, which concerns approxi- mation on an interval.
The theorems of Plancherel and Cauchy combined give a theorem of Paley and Wiener which, in turn, is used in the Denjoy-Carleman theorem about infinitely differentiable functions on the real lime.
The maximum modulus theorem gives information about linear transformations on Lp-spsces. Since most of the results presented here are quite classical the novelty lies in the arrangement, and some of the proofs are new , I have not attempted to document the source of every item. References are gathered at the end, in Notes and Comments. They are not always to the original sources, but more often to more recent works where further references can be found. I n no case does the absence of a reference imply any claim to originality on my part.
The prerequisite for this book is a good course in advanced calcuIus set-theoretic manipulations, metric spaces, uniform continuity, and uniform convergence. The first seven chapters of my earlier book "Principles of Mathematical A d y s i s " furnish s m c i e n t preparation.
Chapters 1 to 8 and 10 to 15 should be taken up in the order in which they are presented. Chapter 9 is not referred to again until Chapter The last five chapters are quite independent of each other, and probably not all of them should be taken up in any one year.
There are over problems, some quite easy, some more challenging. About half of these have been -signed to my classes a t various times. The students' response to this course baa been most gratifying, and I have profited much from some of their comments. Notes taken by' Aaron Strauss and Stephen Fisher helped me greatly in the writing of the final manuscript. I t is a pleasure to express my sincere thanks to them for their generous assistance.
Thus exp is a continuous function. The absolute convergence of 1 shows that the computation is correct. It gives the important addition formula valid for all complex numbers a and b. We define the number e to be exp I , and shall usually replace exp 2 by the customary shorter expression eE. This implies a. The first of the above equalities is a matter of definition, the second follows from 2 , and the third from 1 ' and b is proved. For any real number t, 1 shows that 6 is the complex conjugate of eit.
Thus 3 leitl-1 treal. I n other words, if t is real, ea lies on the unit circle. The terms of the series 7 then decrease in absolute value except for the first one and their signs alternate.
We already know that t 4 eit maps the real axis into the unit circle. This completes the proof of n. This proves g and completes the theorem. Among the attempts made in this direction, the most notable ones were due to Jordan, Borel, W.
Young, and Lebesgue. I t was Lebesgue's construction which turned out to be the most successful. I n brief outline, here is the main idea: The Riemann integral of a func-. This property of m is called countable uddilivity. It is of the same fundamental importance in analysis as is the construction of the red number system from the rationals.
The above-mentioned measure rn is of course intimately related to the geometry of the real line. In this chapter we shall present an abstract axiomatic version of the Lebesgue integral, relative to any countably additive measure on any set. The precise definitiong follow. This abstract theory is not in any way more difficult than the special case of the real line; it shows that a large part of integration theory is independ- ent of any geometry or topology of the underIyitig space; and, of course, it gives us a tool of nluch wider applicability.
The existence of a large class of nleasures, among them that of Lebesgue, will be established in Chap. Thus XI,.. More often, sets are described by proper- ties. The symbol denotes the elnpty set.
The words collection, jarnilg, and class will be used synonymously with set. Note that C A for every set A. The atended real number system is R1 with two symbols, a and - , adjoined, and with the obvious ordering. Sometimes but only when sup E e E we write max E for aup E. The domain of f is X. The range off is f X. It has some basic properties in common with another most important class of functions, namely, the continuous ones. It is helpful to keep these similarities in mind.
Our presentation is therefore organ- ised in such a way that the analogies between the concepts topological space, open set, and continuous junction, on the one hand, and measurable apace, measurabk set, and measurable junction, on the other, are strongly emphasized. It seems that the relations between these concepts emerge most clearly when the setting is quite abstract, and this rather than a desire for mere generality motivates our approach to the subject. Abstraet integration 9 It would perhaps be more satisfactory to apply the term "measurable space" fo the ordered pair X,m , rather than to X.
After all, X is a set, and X has not been changed in any way by the fact that we now also have a U-algebra of its subsets in mind. Similarly, a topological space is an ordered pair X,T. But if this sort of thing were systematically done in all mathematics, the terminology would become awfully cumbersome. We shall discuss this again at somewhat greater length in Sec. We shall assume some familiarity with metric spaces but shall give the basic definitions, for the sake of completeness.
We leave this as an exercise. For instance, in the real line R1 a set is open if and only if it is a union of open segments a,b. I n the plane R2, the open sets are those which are unions of open circular discs.
Another topological space, which we shall encounter frequently, is the extended real line [- Q O , m]; its topology is defined by declaring the follow- ing sets to be open: a,b , [- a ,a , a, a],and any union of segments of this type. The definition of continuity given in Sec. A mapping f of X into Y is continuous if and only iff iS continuous at every point of X.
Since f f-' V C V, if follows that f is continuous a t xo. Hence W , Cf-' V. I t follows that f-' V is the union of the open sets W,, so f-' V is itself open. Thus f is continuous. Referring t o Properties i t o iii of Definition 1. The prefix a refers to the fact that iii is required t o hold for all count- able unions of members of nt.
If iii is required for finite unions only, then m is called an algebra of sets. Stated informally, continuous functions of continuous functions are continuous; continuous functions of measurable functions are measurable. Iff is measurable, it follows that h-' V is measurable, proving b.
REAL AND COMPLEX ANALYSIS - 59CLC's Blog
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In addition to his contributions to complex and harmonic analysis , Rudin was known for his mathematical analysis textbooks: Principles of Mathematical Analysis ,  Real and Complex Analysis ,  and Functional Analysis  informally referred to by students as "Baby Rudin", "Papa Rudin", and "Grandpa Rudin", respectively. Rudin wrote Principles of Mathematical Analysis only two years after obtaining his Ph. Moore Instructor at MIT. Principles , acclaimed for its elegance and clarity,  has since become a standard textbook for introductory real analysis courses in the United States. Rudin's analysis textbooks have also been influential in mathematical education worldwide, having been translated into 13 languages, including Russian,  Chinese,  and Spanish.
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REAL AND. COMPLEX. ANALYSIS. Third Edition. Walter Rudin. Professor of Mathematics. University of Wisconsin, Madison. Version No rights reserved.
Rudin Real and Complex Analysis
The Basic Library List Committee strongly recommends this book for acquisition by undergraduate mathematics libraries. This book is full of interesting things, mostly proofs. The chapter on Banach algebras is a gem; this subject combines algebra, analysis, and topology, and the exposition shows clearly how the three areas work together. Walter Rudin — wrote the book in to show that real and complex analysis should be studied together rather than as two subjects, and to give a a modern treatment. Fifty years later it is still modern.
Du kanske gillar. Real and Complex Analysis av Walter Rudin. Inbunden Engelska, Spara som favorit.
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. This is an advanced text for the one- or two-semester course in analysis taught primarily to math, science, computer science, and electrical engineering majors at the junior, senior or graduate level. The basic techniques and theorems of analysis are presented in such a way that the intimate connections between its various branches are strongly emphasized.
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