Difference Between Hrm And Hrd Pdf

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Human resources HR is an important part of many organizations, regardless of size or industry. The HR department serves as the link between the organization and its employees—and ensures that both are set up for success. HR managers oversee, design and implement all processes within the HR department, from payroll to onboarding.

It is the integrated use of training, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group, and organizational effectiveness. Human Resource Management is the process of managing people in an organization in systematic and organized manner.

Difference between HRM and HRD

What does the Human Resources do? The Human Resources are the ones who make-up the workforce of an organization, business sector or economy. The human resources department of an organization performs human resources management, overseeing various aspects of employment, such as compliance with labor law and employment standards, administration of employee benefits.

Human resources development aims at assisting people to acquire competencies that are being required to perform their duties in an efficient manner and to let the organization ripe the fruits of their know-how and talents.

HRD as an activity and as a process plays a crucial and noteworthy role identifying the hidden potential of the workforce employed in the organization and to polish their skills, technical knowledge in order to develop them and to prepare them for facing the challenges on their own. The evolution of human resources development can be easily understood in the following chronological sequence:. Wages were decided on the basis of demand and supply forces.

Welfare measures like safety, first aid, lunch room, rest room, etc…These measures prove to be a source of boosting up the morale of workers and enhancing their performance. Management must assume a fatherly and protective attitude towards employers. Paternalism does not mean merely providing benefits but it signifies to satisfy various needs of employees just as parents meet the requirements of the children.

To improve the productivity, physical, social and psychological needs of workers must be fulfilled. Money is the least factor to determine output, than group standards, group incentives and security.

The organization is a social system that has both economic and social dimensions. Employees are the most valuable assets of an organization.

There should be a conscious effort to realize organizational goals by satisfying needs and aspirations of employees. Human Resources Development, improves the performance of employees through proper training and develops openness, trust, collaboration among the employees to identify the organizational needs and shows the path to move on for achieving the same.

Thus, following are some of the important benefits which are the outcome of implementing Human Resources Development in any organization:. The discipline of human resource development HRD was developed because the human resource management function failed to meet the new challenges of the 20th century. Some of organizations have merely redesigned their personnel departments as HRD departments. But there are certain differences in both the areas:. The former encompasses a range of organizational activities like planning, staffing, developing, monitoring, maintaining, managing relationship and evaluating whereas the latter covers in itself.

View Map. Human Resources Management. Tags: Management. Share this. Aug 17, Development : Is the acquisition of capabilities that are needed to perform the present job or the future expected job. Thus, human resource development is the process of developing the human resource working in an organization by modernizing their knowledge and upgrading their skills, attitudes and perceptions in order to meet out the changing trends of the globalized economy and also to utilize those developments for the attainment of the organizational goals.

What are the aims of Human Resources Development? The goodwill concept Welfare measures like safety, first aid, lunch room, rest room, etc…These measures prove to be a source of boosting up the morale of workers and enhancing their performance. The Paternalistic Concept Management must assume a fatherly and protective attitude towards employers. The Humanitarian Concept To improve the productivity, physical, social and psychological needs of workers must be fulfilled.

The Human Resource Concept Employees are the most valuable assets of an organization. What are the benefits of Human Resources Development? Fosters commitment through the communication values. It facilitates dyadic relationship. Increases the awareness of the importance of change management and consequent adaptability of employees. Provides higher quality of work life through opportunities of a meaningful; career, job satisfaction and professional development.

It focuses on need contentment through recognition and achievement with appropriate HRD program, people become more committed towards their jobs, and people are assessed on the basis of their performance. Makes people more competent, it develops new skills, knowledge and attitude of the people in the organization concerned.

Proper human resources development policies promote openness in the overall growth of employees. Resources are utilized in an optimum manner. It helps in developing a sense of belongingness among the employees and increases the participation rate among them. But there are certain differences in both the areas: Human Resource Management HRM is viewed as a set of independent sub-functions while Human Resource Development HRD is seen as a system of a larger system in an organization.

HRM is considered as mainly a service function enduring with the demands of the organization as and when they arise, but HRD is considered as a proactive function which forecasts the needs of the organization and keep itself prepared to face the unseen competition in an organized manner. HRM is a narrower concept which aims at developing and administering people only. HRD is a wider concept aims at developing not only its people but its whole organization. The main focus of HRM is on enhancing skills and increasing efficiency of people in the organization whereas HRD is based on the concept of building up the right organizational climate that could discover, nurture and utilize human capabilities in an optimum manner.

HRM, main motivators are salary, wage incentives and job simplifications. On the other hand, HRD relies on job enrichment, job challenge, informal organizational climate, autonomous work groups and creativity for motivating the work force in the organization.

But HRD is considered as the responsibility of all the managers in an organization. In fact, HRD aims at developing the capabilities of all the line managers to carry out various human resource management functions themselves.

Under HRM, higher morale and satisfaction are regarded as the cause of improved performance. On the contrary, HRD perceives improved performances as the cause of improved job satisfaction and morale of employees on work. What to Say. Operations Manager Behind The Scene. How to improve managing your projects? How Operations Management relate to or vary from Project Management?

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Human Resource Management (HRM) vs. Development (HRD)

HRM deals with all aspects of the human 1. HRD only deals with the development resources function part. HRM is concerned with recruitment, 2. HRD is concerned with employee skills rewards among others development. HRM functions are mostly formal 3.

HRM refers to how the principles of management can be applied to effectively manage the employees working in an organization and HRD refers to continuous development functions that enforced for improving upon the act of those working in an organization. The functions of HRM are reactive and usually applied for gaining holistic organizational goals conversely the functions of HRD are proactive and have to be applied consistently to enhance the productivity of employees. The purpose of HRM is related to improving the overall performance of employees, and HRD goals usually connected with skill development, knowledge development and increasing the competency of employees. Most HRM processes are routine and to carry out as and when the need arises whereas HRD processes are ongoing and not occasional. HRM is an independent existence in itself.

Human Resources Development VS. Human Resources Management

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Interview questions revolving around the difference between human resource management and human resource development have been taking many participants by surprise.

Difference between HRM and HRD

What does the Human Resources do? The Human Resources are the ones who make-up the workforce of an organization, business sector or economy. The human resources department of an organization performs human resources management, overseeing various aspects of employment, such as compliance with labor law and employment standards, administration of employee benefits. Human resources development aims at assisting people to acquire competencies that are being required to perform their duties in an efficient manner and to let the organization ripe the fruits of their know-how and talents. HRD as an activity and as a process plays a crucial and noteworthy role identifying the hidden potential of the workforce employed in the organization and to polish their skills, technical knowledge in order to develop them and to prepare them for facing the challenges on their own.

HRM stands for human resources management, which refers to the art of managing all aspects of the human work force at a company or organization. As human resources management usually applies to big companies and organizations, it has sub categories, among which is HRD, which stands for human resources development. Because the process of hiring new employees can be long, expensive and cumbersome, most companies employ the strategy of HRD to promote longevity of employees within the company because through this an employee is likely to progressively scale up the managerial ladder. Human resources management of a company is often an independent department of its own composed of various sections including recruitment and retention, performance and appraisal management, HRD and compensation sections. But HRD does not only focus on development of skills but also focuses on the personal development of employees.


HRD is a subsystem of HRM and draws many functions, attributes, and processes from HRM. HRM deals with and has concerns for people only. It handles recruitment, rewards, etc. HRD is concerned with the development of all aspects and people within an organization and manages its skill development processes.


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